Mikhail Gorbachev - USSR
Mikhail Gorbachev was instrumental in the fall of the Berlin wall and the end of the cold war.

Berlin wall built
"The Anti Fascist Protection Barrier".

the berlin wall
The Berlin wall was used as a canvas for many artists.

Potsdam Conference

Potsdam Conference

Between July 17 and August 2, 1945 was held at the Palace of Ceciclienhof, town of Potsdam, just a few kilometers from Berlin, called "Potsdam Conference".

Above and in the framework of the planning of a new Europe after the war, there had been two other conferences: Teheran and Yalta.

Attended by US President Truman after Roosevelt died on April 12 of that year, Churchill, accompanied by the highest authority of the Labour Party, Clement Attlee, which soon would become Prime Minister after the victory gained in the House of Commons representing the Soviet Union was Stalin.

The main topic was the situation of defeated Germany and its future administration. United States, Britain, USSR and France: It made the determination to divide it into four occupation zones, the existence of a Supreme Control Council composed of representatives of the territories controlled by the established powers.

Vienna, Austria and Poland also suffered the same kind of division.

It was repealed by a plan by which to undertake the reconstruction of Germany in a democratic way, giving back to the people their civil liberties. For the same purpose, progress was made in the demilitarization and the consolidation of administrative bodies, stripping them of all Nazi aftertaste. The Gestapo, along with other secondary units, would be eliminated. He also ruled that the crimes carried out by the Hitler regime would be punished, as happened later with the Nuremberg trials.

Also, war reparations for damages would be obtained for each of the powers in the respective zones of occupation.

Part of the provisions of the Potsdam Conference was developed in the Atlantic Charter , an acquired compromise between Britain and the United States during the Second World War, 1941. In it Roosevelt and Churchill were involved in carrying eight essential points to international peace and security, affirmed later by Wilson and the enactment of the fourteen points.

In this last conference before the Cold War began, the tone and intention of the countries involved had changed. Abandoned Potsdam, United States dropped the bomb on Japan at the end of a war that was already won.

By 1946, the USSR would not give up its expansionist goals and Churchill, from the College of Fulton declared that had fallen on the continent a 'curtain steel ". Russia's response was a provocation of war challenge across Europe it is flexibility struggled through diplomatic activities.

The Prague coup in 1948 confirmed the words of Churchill, the Cold War would dominate the foreign policy almost half a century, arbitrating between two conflicting guidelines represented by the US and USSR.