Mikhail Gorbachev - USSR
Mikhail Gorbachev was instrumental in the fall of the Berlin wall and the end of the cold war.

Berlin wall built
"The Anti Fascist Protection Barrier".

the berlin wall
The Berlin wall was used as a canvas for many artists.

Communist Leaders

Communist Leaders

What each of these men he did in his country and his time still echoes today, they are some of the most renowned communist leaders. These characters brought new political orders around the world. Some of them carried out the Cold War that was the planet shaking for several decades. These are the leaders who most influenced the development of communism during the 20th century.

H Ö Chi Minh (1890-1969)

. The president of North Vietnam fought against French colonialism. During his tenure, his country was engaged in a war with the United States, the country that sought to limit the influence of communism in the world.

Ernesto "Che" Guevara (1928-1967)

The iconic Argentine doctor became synonymous with the revolution thanks to his political activism in Latin America . He earned a place in history to fight alongside Fidel Castro in Cuba, and was instrumental in the establishment of the first communist regime in the Western Hemisphere.

Fidel Castro (1926)

. Figure of Latin American socialism, in the fifties led a military campaign with only 81 men against dictator Fulgencio Batista . Despite a first defeat, Castro's guerrilla forces he won the victory to establish the governing political system in Cuba to date.

Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971)

He tried to separate the radicalism of his predecessor, Joseph Stalin, and lead his country to more progress. Under his charge the Russian space program began and he Missile Crisis, in Cuba, for the great tensions that the USSR had with the United States. He was removed for his liberal ideas.

Mikhail Gorbachev (1931)

Critical of his more conservative predecessors, Gorbachev led his country to another stage to promote more liberal programs promoting participation with the rest of the world. Thanks to him the doors to the existence of various political parties in the USSR and the free elections that would give rise to the opened Russia today.

Leon Trotsky (1879-1940)

This champion of Marxism Lenin supported the movement to overthrow the Russian Tsar. At one time he was considered the obvious successor to the Soviet leader, but was overtaken by the policies of Stalin . He lived in exile and was assassinated in Mexico .

Mao Zedong (1893-1976)

He was responsible for the formation of the China centralized and powerful today. It expelled foreign and established socialist programs-and deaths-caused major changes in his country.

Joseph Stalin (1878-1953)

This man became the successor of Lenin through strategic alliances established within the Communist Party. He was the leader of the Red Army who fought and helped defeat the Nazis in World War II and as a dictator, drove to his country with an iron fist, eliminating any form of dissent.

Karl Marx (1818-1883)

Although this thinker did not live in the 20th century, ideology was instrumental in the changes that communism generated on the planet in the last 100 years. Considered the father of modern socialism, he called the working class to take power, repudiating the capitalist system and adopt a socialist.

Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)

He was one of the pillars of the Russian revolution thanks to his call to the working class to rise up against the wealthy. Lenin gave strength to the proletariat that was hungry and tired of the losses caused by the Russian participation in the First World War . He established the first communist state in history.

Other Communist leaders that are worth mentioning Josip Broz Tito (Yugoslavia, 1882-1980), Kim Il-sung (North Korea, 1912-1994) and the philosopher Friedrich Engels (Germany, 1820-1895).